Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that is related to the diabetic people which affect the eyes. It actually causes the damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissues at the back of the eye. At the beginning, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only causes a mild vision problem. But eventually, it can cause blindness to the person affected.
The condition can develop in anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. the longer you are having the problem of diabetes and if your blood sugar is less controlled it is more likely that you will eventually develop the eye-related complication.
There might not be any visible symptoms when the diabetic retinopathy is at the early stage. But when the condition grows with time it includes the following symptoms:
- Spots or dark strings floating in your vision
- Blurred vision
- Fluctuating vision
- Impaired colored vision
- Dark or empty area in the vision
- Vision loss
If the condition is left untreated diabetic retinopathy damages your retina. The retina is the lining at the back of the eye that transforms light to images. If your blood sugar level is too high for a long period of time, it blocks small blood vessels that keep the retina in its functioning position. However, the eyes to try to grow new blood vessels but it does not develop very well. So eventually they start to weaken and leak blood and fluid into the retina. This causes a particular condition which is called edema, that makes your vision blurry.
As the condition of the eyes gets worst more blood vessels become blocked. Scar tissue starts building up as all the new blood vessels are now fully grown. This extra pressure can cause the retina to detach. Generally, it leads to a condition called glaucoma and it eventually causes the blindness to the person.
An eye specialist can usually tell if the person has diabetic retinopathy during an eye exam. He will dilate your pupils to look if there is any change in blood vessels or see if any new blood vessel has grown. He can also check for the retina being swollen or has become detached.
Diabetic Retinopathy Laser Treatment
Most likely the doctor will suggest photocoagulation. It’s a procedure in which the growing or leaking blood vessels in the retina is destroyed. It is not painful. If your blood vessel leak humor you may have to undergo vitrectomy. In this procedure, blood is removed so you can see better. This will clear your cloudy vision. The doctor will tell you if this treatment is correct for you. the diabetic eye disease treatment needs to be done at the office or in a hospital.
The best option is that you work with your doctor to keep your blood sugar and blood pressure at a normal level. This will not only slow down the diabetic retinopathy it may also prevent it. Make sure that you see an eye specialist at least once a year for a complete eye examination. If you have diabetes and you are pregnant you must have a thorough eye exam during the first trimester.