Retinal Inflammatory Diseases

The retinal inflammatory disease is a condition that causes swelling and damage to the retina, which is a thin layer at the back of our eye. It can develop at any age in a person but it is most common in between the ages of 20 and 60 years. The disease generally creates vision problems and in some cases, it also results in the significant vision loss.

The symptoms of the retinal inflammatory disease vary from person to person. Some of such symptoms are:

  • Blurry vision
  • Floaters in the eyes
  • Eye pain
  • A sensitivity to light

Above symptoms may occur in one or both the eyes. It is very important to fix the appointment with the eye specialist and get a consultation and medical treatment if you are experiencing any of the above symptoms. If left untreated, a severe retinal inflammatory disease can result in blindness also.

Causes

There is a large range of possibility that can cause the disease which includes the following:

  • an autoimmune disorder
  • infection in the eye
  • tumor in or near the eye
  • trauma to the eye
  • exposure of the eye to certain kind of toxins

However, in some cases, a cause cannot be determined.

Diagnosis of retinal inflammatory disease

To conduct a diagnosis the doctor will take the medical history and conduct a complete examination of the eyes which includes the following:

  • Screening of the visual acuity to measure any decrease in the vision
  • Funduscopic exam, this is done to conduct the position of rear portion of the eyes
  • Ocular pressure is measured
  • A slit lamp exam is done so that the affected area of the eye can be closely monitored

In some cases, further testing is also performed to confirm the diagnosis and determining the cause of the retinal inflammatory disease. This may involve a certain blood test and also image scanning.

Treatment of the disease

Treatment of the disease can vary from person to person depending on both the severity and cause of the disease. Corticosteroid eye drop, oral medication and even injection inside or near the eyes are successful in treating the swelling and pain caused by the disease. Other patients may require the surgical insertion of a device in the eyes which at regular intervals releases anti-inflammatory medication inside the eyes. If the retinal inflammatory disease is caused by autoimmune disorder then immunosuppressive drugs can be an effective treatment.