Corneal disease can range from a simple to a complex disease. In the event that you have a complex problem requiring advanced medical or surgical care an eye specialist can help you do so. The cornea is an obvious front window of the eye. It transmits light to the center of the eye allowing us to see clearly through it. Corneal disease can cause clouding and distortion of the vision and also sometimes blindness.
Symptoms of the Corneal Disease include:
- Infection along with corneal where often the person has felt that something is in the eye, the eye also becomes sensitive to light and foreign body sensation continues.
- Corneal ulcers and bacteria can infiltrate by bacteria or virus and can travel to the nerve ending causing infection of the cornea.
- Contact lenses sometimes cause shortage of the oxygen even when it is fitted properly on the eye. This may cause redness, irritation, and blurring of the vision.
- Dry eye syndrome can cause significant damage to the cornea. The tears are not produced in required quantity hence unable to protect the cornea and keep it moist at night. This causes inflammation of the corneal surface.
- With keratoconus the cornea protrudes or becomes steep, thus the contact lenses may not stay on the eye as the shape of the cornea has become irregular.
- A person with Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy may notice glare with lights at night or in bright sunlight. As this condition progresses the vision becomes foggy and blurry in morning and clears up as the day passes. When the disease further progresses the clearing procedure reduces and eventually may not clear at all.
- Sometimes a person might develop a fleshy outgrowth called Pterygium on the white part of the eye that expands onto the cornea leading to redness, blurred vision, and unwanted cosmetic appearance. It can be removed surgically.
Causes of Corneal Disease:
- Infection by bacteria, fungi, and virus
- The cause of Keratoconus is not known in most of the patients
- Aging can affect the clearness and health of the cornea
- Cataract and intraocular lens implant surgery
- Contact lenses
- Eye trauma
- Certain systemic disease
Diagnosis of the Corneal Disease:
The doctor can check for corneal disease and trauma to the eye by just examining your eyes with the help of a magnifying instrument. Corneal infection, inflammation, scarring and other problem related to the front structure of the eye can be detected with the help of corneal topography by an eye specialist.