Glaucoma is a situation that causes damage to the optic nerve of the eyeball and with time it gets worse. It’s often linked to the buildup of pressure inside the eyes. The disease can be inherited and may not show up until later in life. The pressure which is also known as the intraocular pressure gets increased and damages the images to the brain. If the damage continues without treatment glaucoma can lead to permanent vision loss of the eye.
Generally, people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain. So you need to regularly visit the eye specialist so if the glaucoma is diagnosed it can be treated in time before the long-term vision loss happens. If you are at the age of 40 years and have in your family history this kind of disease than get a thorough examination of your eyes every year. If you have in your family any health problems like diabetes than your eye can be at risk so visit the best glaucoma specialists in Delhi more often.
Causes of Glaucoma
Glaucoma a result of the high fluid pressure in your eyes. This happens when the liquid which is in the front part of the eye does not circulate the way it should. When the channel from where the aqueous humor of eye flows out of your eye gets blocked it causes glaucoma. The reason for the blockage is unknown, but its inheritable from the parents.
Less common causes are an infection, blocked blood vessel inside the eyes, and inflammatory conditions. Also sometimes glaucoma is caused by the eye surgery. It generally affects both eyes but one eye condition can be worse than the other.
Types of Glaucoma are:
- Open-angle glaucoma or wide angle glaucoma.
- Angle-closure glaucoma also called acute or chronic angle-closure or narrow-angle glaucoma.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
If you have any of the following symptoms, go for immediate medical advice from an eye specialist
- Seeing halos around lights
- Vision loss
- redness in the eyes
- Eye looks hazy especially in the toddlers
- Nausea or vomiting
- Eye pain
- Narrowed vision
Diagnosis of Glaucoma
Our best glaucoma specialist in Delhi will dilate the pupils. Then the vision is tested and the eyes are examined. Doctors for Glaucoma will check the working of the optic nerves to see if the person is having glaucoma. He may take the photographs of the optic nerve that will help him to track the disease. Also, a visual field test is conducted when necessary.